Human anatomy can be quite complicated to understand, most especially for people who do are not trained nor have education in regards to the matter. One of the most important part of every living being anatomy is the heart, this is mostly due to the fact that the heart is basically the part of our body of which functions as a conduit of our blood cells to make it rotate in every parts of our body. A lot of complications will happen if ever our blood would stop flowing in our veins and it can more than likely be fatal to almost every living beings. Fortunately in this current day and age, we now have a lot of equipment that can check for abnormalities within our heart and arteries.
Most advanced countries all over the world also make it a requirement for them to add prenatal ultrasound for detection of fetal anomalies as part of their routine in regards to pregnancy management. Fetal heart examinations is now an integral part for every prenatal ultrasound due to the fact that studies has shown congenital heart diseases as currently one of the most common congenital anomalies all over the world where incidence of moderate to severe forms of congenital heart diseases is about 6 out of a 1000 births. The incidence would also increase exponentially if all mild lesions whereas the bicuspid aortic valve and tiny muscular ventricular septal defects are found.
There are also a lot of fetal heart abnormalities found through ultrasound. Some examples are Ebstein Anomaly, Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome, Aortic Stenosis, Tetralogy of Fallot, Pulmonary Stenosis, Coarctation of the Aorta and many more. Ebstein anomaly is a fetal heart abnormality that can only be detected from ultrasound, whereas the right atrium is visibly enlarged compared to the left atrium. Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome is another type of heart abnormality which affects the normal blood flow through the heart, due to the fact that the left ventricle will not form correctly. A very common yet serious heart abnormality is called the aortic stenosis where your blood flow will be restricted from the left ventricle to the aorta due to the fact that the aortic valve opening is continuously narrowing. If you would like to learn more abnormal fetal heart found through ultrasound, then try checking out Obimages to learn more.
Ultrasound of the fetal heart has a strict guidelines and protocol. The main role of the fetal heart ultrasound is to confirm normal anatomy and to locate, progress or elaborate on known fetal heart pathology. The fetal is required to lie and large maternal habitus would need to be relaxed since they will inhibit the scan. Through patience, most of the difficulties posed by fetal position can be easily overcome. Finally equipment selection is relatively important due to the fact that equipment used will more than likely depend on the gestational age and maternal habitus. A curvilinear probe between 3-9mhz is required while a linear probe may be best used for thinner patients and if patient is in 3rd trimester with a very large maternal habitus then a 2.5mhz annular array may be required.